1932, the "starvation army" of men on the road was the
most apparent indication of a nation in a deepening economic crisis.
The Great Depression of the 1930s gave origin to the notion of federal
responsibility for the unemployed and poor. In the 1930s, little
sympathy was given to transient homeless men and women (Rossi 25).
Only the families in the Dust Bowl states who drifted to California
to become the Okies engaged public sympathy. The outbreak of World
War II significantly reduced the number of the homeless, absorbing
them into the armed forces and into mushrooming war industries (Rossi
order to reduce the number of hoboes, trams, and bums, President
Roosevelt established the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933.
This was one of the few programs that allowed young, unmarried
have a steady job, housing, and food. The Federal Transient Service
also offered assistance for the homeless.