the 1920s the unsettling image of the hobo was changing--some noticeable
had ridden the trains. These included the famous authors Carl Sandburg
and Jack London. Hoboes stayed in camps, which were located generally
sunny side of a hill, close to some source of water and almost always close
to a railroad track. In these camps, people followed strict rules. No
hobo was to rob another one nor was he supposed to threaten one as these
were considered serious offenses. During World War II, many hoboes
the army and served in the war.
Jane Addams and The Hull House also noticed a need for change. In 1889, Jane Addams founded Hull House in Chicago. "Settlement houses" such as Hull House provided a location for college women in volunteering to ameliorate situations in the indigent cities. They organized the progressive movement to improve the situation of the housing and poverty crisis. Other groups with similar goals were active as well. Political organizations, unions, and church organizations attempted to end homelessness as well.
women tramped. Throughout the nineteenth century domestic work and needle
work were the major occupations of poor women. When these failed, prostitution
and begging were frequently the only alternatives to the poorhouse or
the police lodging house (Kusmer 108).